Tuesday, April 2, 2013

First Aid: Second Degree Burns

Injuries caused by exposure to flames or hot objects can be very painful. Affected skin may blister burn even when exposed to high temperatures. The cells that come into contact with the heat will die. Therefore, burns should receive treatment quickly.

Moderate burns or second degree burns are burns that cause damage to the lining under the skin. Examples are excessive sunburn, heat fluid and sparks from gasoline or other materials.

According to Stanley M. Zildo as quoted from his book 'First Aid, How to Properly Handling First Aid and Emergency', the symptoms of this second degree burns to the skin such as redness, blistering, swelling that does not go away for a few days and the skin looks damp or muddy.

In the event of such burns, immediately do the following:

1. Pour cold water or water ice on the injured area or give a compress using a washcloth. Can also use a handkerchief previously dipped in water.

2. Dry the wound use of clean towel or other soft material.

3. Cover with a sterile bandage to prevent infection.

4. Lift the injured arm or leg is higher than the heart organ.

5. Seek medical attention if the victim suffered burns around the mouth or have difficulty breathing.

6. Do not attempt to deflate the blister wounds or applying oils, sprays or other remedies without a doctor's knowledge.

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